The term ‘global education’ refers to the extent to which global development issues are integrated within the formal curriculum. Global education is seen as a way of extending students’ views of the world by exploring their perceptions and connections. It helps them to recognise and think critically about different cultural, economic and political perspectives.
Global education can be understood through five concepts that provide a conceptual framework for thinking about issues and building them into the curriculum:
Social justice and equity
Understanding the importance of social justice as an element in both sustainable development and the improved welfare of all people.
Understanding and respecting differences and relating these to our common humanity.
Globalisation and interdependence
Understanding how people, places, economies and environments are all inextricably interrelated, and that choices and events have repercussions on a global scale.
Understanding the need to maintain and improve the quality of life now without damaging the planet for future generations.
Peace and conflict
Understanding the nature of conflicts, their impact on development and why there is a need for their resolution and the promotion of harmony.